September 2022

Oxford Handbooks provide relevant and up-to-date overviews of the state of research in various disciplines. In their contribution to the Oxford Handbook of German Politics, Suzanne S. Schüttemeyer and Sven T. Siefken examine the German Bundestag as a "core institution" at the center of the constitutional order of the German political system.


Parliamentary Party Groups (PPGs) are the central institutional link between voters, parties, and parliaments. In its current composition, no less than 16 PPGs are present in the Croatian Parliament (Sabor), a peak value in European comparison. The trend towards fractionalization in Sabor has steadily increased in recent years. The article explores the causes, compares „PPG Thresholds“ internationally and outlines reform options.